by: Marie Iris Magdalene Minerva
The Office of the Raffle Committee Staff, as it is aptly called, is
neither a division nor a “regular” department of the
Court of Appeals. However, with the nature of the functions that is
impressed upon said office, it is equally important as the other
divisions of this Court.
Under the 2002 Internal Rules of the Court of Appeals, the Raffle
Committee Staff is under the direct control and supervision of the Presiding
It assists the Raffle Committee, composed of all the Justices of the
Division chosen for that day, in the conduct of the daily raffle of
cases. These cases include: (1) appealed civil cases; (2) appealed
criminal cases; (3) appealed criminal cases involving detention
prisoners; (4) appealed special civil actions; (5) appealed special
proceedings; (6) habeas corpus; (7) annulment of judgments; (8)
petitions for review of the decisions of quasi-judicial agencies; (9)
petitions for certiorari, prohibition, mandamus; (10) cases involving
substitution of a ponente or designation of Justices to fill
vacancies in a Division or to create a Special Division of Five; (11)
administrative cases referred by the SC to the Court; (12) cases
involving violations of the Anti-Money Laundering Act (AMLA); and,
(13) cases involving violations of the Human Security Act of 2007.
Raffle Committee Staff, prepares the list of the cases to be raffled
for the day except those for completion and initial caseload of new
justices which is prepared by the Judicial Records Division (JRD).
It also prepares the rollos, documents and list of cases with
requests for re-raffle. For purposes of exemption from the raffle
of cases, the Staff is charged with the task of taking note of the
leave of absence and date of retirement of the Justices.
of cases, whether for completion or for study and report, is done
strictly by raffle with the use of a dome-like plastic mechanical
contrivance very much like the lotto machine. The procedure closely
resembles that of a PCSO lottery game where a plastic ball with the
number corresponding to a particular justice is released by hot air
from the machine as each title of a case is read aloud by the staff.
This process is repeated until all cases to be raffled for the day
are assigned to the respective Justices.
The raffling of cases is done on a rotation basis to assure that each
Justice will get an equal number of the same kind of action or
proceeding. To further ensure equalization, the Raffle Committee
Staff prepares separate lists of cases and records the case
assignments of the different justices in a control book in accordance
with the different case categories.
The Internal Rules of the Court of Appeals mandates the Raffle Committee
Staff to furnish the office of all the Justices, Information and
Statistical Data Division (ISD) and the different sections of the JRD
with the result of the raffle not later than the following working
The Raffle of Cases is done in chronological order every working day at
10:30 am. Under the 1994 Revised Internal Rules and the 2002
Internal Rules of the Court of Appeals, only the raffle of cases for
completion of records is open to the public. However, in the
recently amended Internal Rules of this Court, no such distinction
was made. Thus, the raffle of all cases is now publicly done in
order to enable litigants and other interested parties to witness how
the assignment of cases is made.
Special Raffle, on the other hand, is allowed only in cases of urgent
necessity to be determined and authorized in writing by the Presiding
Justice or the Executive Justice, or in his absence or
unavailability, the most senior Justice present. It is conducted
during office hours by the Committee for the day or any of its
members. In their absence, the Presiding Justice or the Executive
Justice may personally conduct the raffle or assign another Justice
to do so.
The Office of the Raffle Committee Staff, situated at the mezzanine floor
of the Office of the Clerk of Court at the CA main building, is
presently manned by the eight (8) equally able and proficient
employees of this Court, namely: Rosalina Gatmaitan, Marie Iris
Magdalene Minerva, Amelita Albano, Rose Marie Macapagal, Ma.
Concepcion de Guzman, Glenn Roxas, Leonidro Viola and Leandro